The bacteria that cause cavities love to feed on sugars and simple carbohydrates. Because of this, a proper diet and nutrition are essential for preventing cavities.
As a rule, if you give your child food that is good for their body, it will be good for their teeth, too. Choose water and milk over fruit juice and soda. For meals and snacks, feed them fresh fruit and vegetables, lean meats, healthy dairy products like yogurt, and whole grains. You should avoid feeding them excessively processed, sugary foods and starchy snacks like cookies, potato chips, candy, and snack cakes.
Your child’s teeth must be brushed twice a day for two minutes. If you are not brushing your child’s teeth properly or they are not brushing as you instruct them to, they will have a much higher risk for cavities. Good oral hygiene habits help eliminate bacteria, sugar, and acid, and keep your child’s smile healthy.
Even if your child is brushing and flossing regularly, improper techniques can reduce the effectiveness of their oral hygiene habits. If they only brush for 30 seconds instead of 2 minutes, for example, they won’t clean their teeth thoroughly, and could be at a higher risk of developing cavities. Observe your children as they learn to brush and floss, and supervise them to make sure they are using the proper techniques and thoroughly cleaning their mouths.
Studies have shown that around 60% of tooth decay involves genetic factors. Some children may be born with weaker enamel than others, which can raise the risk of developing cavities, even with proper nutrition and diet, good oral hygiene, and regular visits to the dentist.